Sunday, May 22, 2016

computer fundamental acronyms

EDVAC : ELECTRONIC DISCRETE VARIABLE AUTOMATIC COMPUTER

UNIVAC :UNIVERSAL VARIABLE AUTOMATIC COMPUTER
4GL :4TH GENERATION LANGUAGE
AGP: ACCELERATOR GRAPHIC PORT
AI: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
ALU: ARITHMETIC AND LOGICAL UNIT
MU: MEMORY UNIT
CPU: CENTERAL PROCESSING UNIT
ANSI: AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD INSTITUTE
ASCII: AMERICAN STANDARD CODE FOR INFORMATION INTERCHANGE
BASIC :BEGINNERS ALL PURPOSE SYMBOLIC INSTRUCTION CODE
BCD :BINARY CODED DECIMAL
BIOS: BASIC INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM
BIT: BINARY DIGIT
BPI: BITS PER INCHES
DPI: DOTS PER INCHES
CAD: COMPUTER ADDED DESIGN
CAM: COMPUTER ADDED MEMORY
CD-ROM: COMPACT DISK – READ ONLY MEMORY
C-DAC: CENTER OFR DEVELOPING ADVANCED COMPUTING
CGA :COLOR GRAPHIC ADAPTER
COBOL : COMMON BUSINESS ORIENTED LANGUAGE
CPI :CHARACTER PER INCH
CPS: CHARACTER PER SECOND
CPU: CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT
CRT: CATHODE RAY TUBE
CTD: CARTRIDGE TAP DRIVE
CU :CONTROL UNIT
DBMS: DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
RDBMS: RELATIONAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
DDL :DATA DEFINITION LANGUAGE
DLL :DYNAMIC LINK LIBRARY
DMP :DOT MATRIX PRINTER
DOS :DISK OPERATING SYSTEM
DSS :DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM
MIS :MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM
TPS :TRANSACTION PROCESS SYSTEM
DTP :DESK TOP PUBLISHING
EBCDIC: EXTEDED BINARY CODED DECIMAL INTERCHAGE CODE
EDP: ELECTRONIC DATA PROCESSING
EDSAC: ELECTRONIC DELAY STORAGE AUTOMATIC CALCULATOR
EGA: ENHANCED GRPAHIC ADAPTER
ENIAC :ELECTRONIC NUMERICAL INTEGRATOR AND CALCULATOR
EPROM :ERASABLE PROGRAMMABLE READ ONLY MEMORY
FAT :FILE ALLOCATION TABLE
FDD :FLOPPY DISK DRIVE
FIFO: FIRST IN FIRST OUT
LIFO: LAST IN FIRST OUT
FORTRAN :FORMULA TRANSLATION LANGUAGE
FTP : FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL
HTTP: HYPERTEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL
SMTP: SIMPLE MAIL TRANSFER PROTOCOL
GB :GIGA BYTE
GIGO: GARBAGE IN GARBAGE OUT
GUI: GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE
CLI: COMMAND LINE INTERFACE
HDD: HARD DISK DRIVE
IC :INTEGRATED CHIP
IRG: INTER RECORD GAP
KB :KILOBYTE
KBPS: KILOBYTE PER SECOND
MBPS: MEGABYTE PER SECOND
LAN :LOCAL AREA NETWORK
WAN :WIDE AREA NETWORK
MAN :Metropolitan Area Network
PAN :Personal Area Network
LCD :Liquid Crystal Display
LED :Light emitted diode
LSB :Least Significant Bit
LSI :Large scale integration
MODEM: Modulation – Demodulation
MICR: Magnetic Ink Character Reader
MSB :Most Significant Bit
SSI :SMALL SCALE INTEGRATION
MSI :MEDIUM SCALE INTEGRATION
VLSI: VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION
ULSI: ULTRA LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION
KIPS: KNOWLEDGE INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM
LIPS: LOGIC INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM
DIPS: DATA INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM
CRL :CAMPUTATIONAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES
SAW :SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE
OMR :OPTICAL MARK READER
OCR : OPTICAL CHARACTE READER
OBR :OPTICAL BARCODE READER
VDU :VISUAL DISPLAY UNIT
GPD :GAS PLASMA DISPLAY
ELD :ELECTRO LUMINESCENT DISPLAY
PDP :PLASMA DISPLAY PANEL
RAM :RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY
PROM: PROGRAMMABLE READ ONLY MEMORY
EEPROM: ELECTRICALLY ERASABLE PROGRAMMABLE READ ONLY MEMORY
EPROM :ERASABLE PROGRAMMABLE READ ONLY MEMORY
DVD :DIGITAL VERSATILE DISC
HVD :HOLOGRAPHIC VERSATILE DISC
USB :UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS
GIS :GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM
GPS :GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM
WI-MAX: WORLDWIDE INTEROPERABILITY FOR MICROWAVE ACCESS
WI-FI: WIRELESS FIDELITY
UTP: UNSHIELDED TWISTED PAIR
STP: SHIELDED TWISTED PAIR
CDPD: CELLULAR DIGITAL PACKET DATA
FDM :FREQUENCY DIVISON MULTIPLEXING
TDM :TIME DIVISION MULTIPLEXING
STDM :STATISTCAL TIME DIVISION MULTIPLEXING
WDM: WAVELENGTH DIVISON MULTIPLEXING
PCM: PULSE CODE MODULATED
TCP/IP: TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL / INTERNET PROTOCOL
UDP: USER DATAGRAM PROTOCOL
POP: POST OFFICE PROTOCOL
ADSL: ASYNCHRONOUS DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINES
ARP :ADDRESS RESOLUTION PROTOCOL
ATM :ASYNCHRONNOUS TRANSFER MODE
AUI :ACCESS UNIT INTERFACE
ATP :APPLE TALK TRANSMISSION PROTOCOL
BNC :BRITISH NAVAL CONNECTOR
CCITT :INTERNATIONAL CONSULTANT COMMITTEE OF TELEGRAPHY AND TELEPHONEY
CIDR :CLASLESS INTERDOMAIN ROUTING
CRC :CYCLIC REDUNDANCY CHECK
CSMA/CA: CARRIER SENSE MULTIPLE ACCESS WITH COLLISION AVOIDANCE
CSMA/CD: CARRIER SENSE MULTIPLE ACCESS WITH COLLISION DETECTION
CSU :CHANNEL SERVICE UNIT
DBA :DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR
DABPA :DEFENCE ADVANCED REASERCH PROJECT AGENCY
DAMA :DEMAND ASSIGNED MULTIPLE ACCESS
DDS :DIGITAL DATA SERVICE
DLC: DATA LINK CONTROL
DNS: DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM
DQDB: DISTRIBUTED QUEUE DUAL BUS
DSL :DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINES
DSU :DATA SERVICE UNIT
DTE :DATA TERMINAL EQUIPMENT
ECP :ERROR CORRECTION PROTOCOL
EDI :ELECTRONIC DATA INTERCHANGE
EMI :ELECTRO MAGNETIC INTERFACE
FDDI: FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTED DATA INTERFACE
FTTN: FIBER TO THE NEIGHBORHOOD
HA :HIGH AVAILABILITY
HIPPI: HIGH PERFORMANCE PARELLEL INTERFACE
ICI :INTERFACE CONTROL INFORMATION
ICMP :INTERNET CONTROL MESSAGE PROTOCOL
IEEE :INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEER
IF: INTERMEDIATE FREQUENCY
IMP: INTERFACE MESSAGE PROCESSORS
IPX: INTERNETWORK PACKAGE EXCHANGE
ISDN: INTEGRATED SERVICES DIGITAL NETWORK
ITU: INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION
LLC :LOGICAL LINK CONTROL
MAC: MEDIA ACCESS POING
MIB: MANAGEMENT INFORMATION BASE
MNP: MICRO-COM NETWORK PROTOCOL
NBP: NAME BINDINT PROTOCOL
NFS: NETWORK FILE SYSTEM
NIC: NETWORK INTERFACE CARD
NIU: NETWORK INTERFACE UNIT
NTFS: NETWORK FILE SYSTEM
OSI :OPEN SYSTEM INTERCONNECTION
OSPF: OPEN SHORTEST PATH FIRST
PBC :PORT BYPASS CIRCUIT
PBX :PRIVATE BRANCH EXCHANGE
PCMP: PULSE CODE MODULATION
PRI :PRIMARY RATE INTERFACE
PSPDN: PACKET SWITCHED PUBLIC DATA NETWORK
PSTN :PUBLIC SWITCHED TELEPHONE NETWORK
RF :REDIO FREQUENCY
RIP: ROUTING INFORMATION PROTOCOL
RPC: REMOTE PROCEDURE CALLS
SAN: STORAGE AREA NETWORK
SAP: SERVICE ACCESS UNIT
SCPC: SINGLE CHANNEL PER CARRIER
SMDS: SWITCHED MULTIMEGABIT DATA SERVICE
SMPS: SWITCH MODE POWER SUPPLY
SMI :STRUCTURE OF MANAGEMENT INFORMATION
SNA :SYSTEM NETWORK ARCHITECTURE
SNMP: SIMPLE NETWORK MANAGEMENT PROTOCOL
SONET: SYNCHORONOUS OPTICAL NETOWRK
SPX :SEQUENCED PACKET EXCHANGE
SSCOP :SERVICE SPECIFIC CONNECTION ORIENTED PROTOCOL
STP: SHIELDED TWISTED PAIR
TA :TERMINAL ADAPTER
TDMA :TIME DIVISON MULTIPLE ACCESS
TIP :TERMINAL INTERFACE PROCESSOR
TSS :TELECOMMUNICATION STANDARDISATION SECTOR
VCI :VIRTUAL CIRCUITS IDENTIFIER
VPI: VIRTUAL PATH IDENTIFIER
VSAT :VERY SMALL APERTURE TERMINAL
XDR: EXTERNAL DATA REPRESENTATION
A/D: ANALOG TO DIGITAL
ABC: ATANASOFF BERRY COMPUTER
ALGOL :ALGORITHMIC LANGUAGE
AM :AMPLITUDE MODULATION
BARC: BHABHA ATOMIC RESEARCH CENTRE
B-ISDN: BROADBAND INTEGRANTED SERVICE DIGITAL NETWORK
CASE :COMPUTER AIDED SOFTWARE ENGINEERING
CDC :CONTROL DATA CORPORATION
CISC : COMPLEX INSTRUCTION SET COMPUTER
CODASYL: CONFERNECE ON DATA SYATEMS LANGUAGE
CPS :CHARACTERS PER SECOND
CSCW :COMPUTER SUPPORTED COOPERATIVE WORKING
D/A: DIGITAL TO ANALOG
DAT :DIGITAL AUDIO TAPE
DDL :DATA DEFINATION LANGUAGE
DML :DATA MANIPULATIN LANGUAGE
DNA :DIGITAL NETWORK ARCHITECTURE
DDS :DIGITAL DATA STORAGE
DRDO: DEFENSE REASEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
DSN :DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS NETWORK
ERNET: EDUCATION AND RESEARCH NETWORK
EPIC :EXPLICITLY PARALLEL INSTRUCTION COMPUTING
FEP :FRONT END PROCESSOR
FMS :FILE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
FSK :FREQUENCY SHIFT KEYING
HP: HEWLETT PACKARD
HZ: HERTZ
IBG: INTER BLOCK GAP
IBM :INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES
IRG :INTER RECORD GAP
ISAM: INDEXED SWQUENTIAL ACCESS METHOD
JCL :JOB CONTROL LANGUAGE
KB :KILO BYTES
LPM: LINES PER MINUTE
LSD: LEAST SIGNIFICANT DIGIT
MAR: MEMORY ADDRESS REGISTER
MBR: MEMORY BUFFER REGISTER
MFT: MULTIPROGRAMMING WITH FIXED TASKS
MHZ: MEGA HERTZ
MIDI: MUSICAL INSTRUMENT DIGITAL INTERFACE
MSD: MOST SIGNIFICANT DIGIT

1 comment:

Rajesh Kumar said...

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